Drone Patrol Units – Way Kambas
Supporting Human Elephant Conflict Mitigation and Protection of Sumatran Elephant Populations and Habitat through Assisting the larger project Elephant Response Units (ERU) in Way Kambas, Lampung Province, Sumatra.
Berdiri Foundation Support
As a new NGO in the fight to help in the conservation of the Sumatran Elephant the Berdiri Foundation would like to assist the Way Kambas ERU to continue their project and complete their goals to mitigate the HEC in and around the borders of the Way Kambas National Park.
Assisting in this project Berdiri will help provide and assist with operational funds for the ERU team and also additional tools to help provide better solutions to the HEC conflict in the surrounding areas.
Project Goals and Objectives
Overall project goal:
To assist in the effective mitigation and reduction of Human Elephant Conflict and its damaging impact on local communities surrounding the Way Kambas National Park and to contribute to a sustainable coexistence between elephants and the local communities
Through the project activities the following objectives shall be met:
Securing wild elephant habitat in the Way Kambas National Park and inreasing capacity of ERU teams to improve quality of forest protection
Reducing the vulnerability and increasing the capacity of local communities living in areas mostly affected by Human Elephant Conflict of sustainable Human Elephant Conflict mitigation strategies and elephant habitat conservation needs
Document wildlife and protected areas of the Way Kambas National Park using camera trap technology and drone photography
The use of drone technology to help mitigate the HEC in and around the Way Kambas National Park
This will be achieved by assisting the ERU team from the WK ECC for patrols and HEC mitigation activities.
Project Activities, Methods and Timetable
Objective 1: Financial assistance will be provided on a monthly basis for one year to help provide the logistics required to complete patrols successfully in the Way Kambas National Park to secure wild elephant habitat in the Way Kambas National Park and inreasing capacity of ERU teams to improve quality of forest protection
- Assist with logistics for patrols every month
- provide important logistics
- Support the regular daily patrols to prevent HEC
Objective 2: Support the patrol units in the form of camera traps and thermal camera drone documentation for the period of one year helping provide important photographic documentation to justify the habitat protection as well as using thermal cameras to easily locate wild herds preventing HEC and even locating and arresting poachers inside the WKNP.
- Photographic Documentation every 2nd month for one year
- Support the ERU with photographic documentation helping the ERU to better locate the wild herds and poachers
- Implementing camera trap technology into areas that are not patrolled to help decide on locations for future patrols
- Every second month gather data from the camera traps and relocate traps to locations that are known habitats and game trails
- Provide training on use of camera traps, drone and thermal camera
- Camera trap implementation and data gathering
- Successfully maintain, launch and fly quad drones
- Use of FLIR camera and data gathering
- Record keeping and monitoring of camera trap data and FLIR camera data
Co-ordination and Involvement
The Sumatran elephant is a protected species with the highest level of government and legal protection status. In Indonesia all protected species, including the Sumatran elephant, legally belong to the government and no private ownership is allowed. In terms of laws and protection status, there is no difference between captive and free ranging wildlife. In the central Government of Indonesia, the agency in charge is the national Agency for Forest Protection and Nature Conservation (PHKA), and in the different provinces this is represented by provincial Agencies for Nature Resource Conservation (BKSDA) and National Park Departments.
In Lampung, the Way Kambas ECC is part of the Way Kambas National Park and therefore under the authority of the Way Kambas National Park Department. Therefore the WK ERU units are operating under the WK ECC management having full government authority and legality for its operations.
The Berdiri Foundation is in the process of signing an MOU with the local agency for Forest Protection that allows Berdiri Foundation to legally support the ERU financially and logistically on the ground while patrols are conducted.
The conservation project leader for the Berdiri foundation will coordinate all involvement with the ERU team leaders to help provide the best solution for the above objectives over the following twelve months.
The following achievements will be reached by the proposed project:
- Successful support for the mitigation of Human Elephant Conflict bordering the Way Kambas National Park boundaries in the project area
- Way Kambas National Park boundaries are better secured and prevention of encroachment of the National Park area is increased
- Capturing of wild elephants is halted and potential illegal killings of wild elephants are prevented
- 3 ERU units are equipped and members are prepared to conduct regular forest patrols and provide immediate Human Elephant Response Unit at the north-western border of Way Kambas National Park
- 25 members of the ERU units have improved capacity and are empowered as conservationists
- The population of 10 local communities surrounding the ERU base camps is enabled to better prepared for, mitigate and respond to Human Elephant Conflict
- 5 basic observation shelters are installed at boundaries of the National Park and 5 “community scouts” from each village are enabled to lead community based crop guarding
Such achievements will significantly contribute to a sustainable conservation of Sumatran elephants and their habitat in Way Kambas National Park.
Bi-annual financial and technical reports will be provided to the all partners, providing information on expenditure of funds, and reporting results and implementation of the proposed activities. Funds provided for this project will managed through an individual bank account for the Berdiri Foundation.
Habitat protection and HEC mitigation are two of the most ERUcial issues for sustainable elephant conservation. Utilization of captive elephants for conservation and habitat protection in Sumatra was started as a model several years ago by NGOs. Since then a continuously increasing number of elephants are used in ERUs and have become an important strategy for HEC management and habitat protection in Sumatra.
- Matrice 100 + $4300
- Thermal Camera gear and setup $12,000
- Weather proof carry case $200
- Litchi and Tablet Waypoint system $1000
- Training and Travel $1500
- Assist with additional patrol logistics and ERU costs for 12 months $12000
ERU Operational Costs
In order to keep the ERU team providing regular patrols, these funds need to be provided. Along with various other partners Berdiri will assist in providing funding for the ERU.
Drone DJI Matrice
To assist in documenting the Way Kambas National Park and assist in pushing wild elephants back into the natural habitat of the national park. The use of the thermal camera will assist to locate the wild herds both during the day and at night. Helping the ERU position themselves better to prevent HEC. The drone would require extra accessories such as 4 extra batteries.
Thermal Camera Zenmuse XT
Thermal, infra red and night vision camera attached to the drone can easily spot herds of animals in daylight and at night time. The possibility is also available to spot poachers and make following arrests.
Litchi and Tablet Waypoint System
Providing the ability to set GPS waypoints to fly over the Way Kambas National Park and fly automated flights to allow pilots and the ERU team to focus on the video feed. The Matrice 100 with the DJI Zenmuse XT will have an approximate flight time of 35 minutes, which will allow the team to plot long distance flights over large areas capturing optimal amounts of footage to view and asses for creating more effective patrols.
Training and Travel
Various training and implementation activities will be carried out throughout the year to help coordinate the drone patrols.